Coffee was originally thought by European explorers and scientists to be a chewable energy source from Ethiopia. It is believed to be that shepherds first noticed their goats eating the coffee berries. They ended up smashing ripe berries and mixing them with fat from animals and turning them into gummy round little pellets.
These pellets were eaten and provided a simple and easy to store energy supplement. They are especially helpful in giving soldiers energy during times of conflict. These little pellets became an everyday staple in the diet of Ethiopians. The coffee berries could also be eaten whole, and the pulp inside was loaded with caffeine and sweet tasting.
There is even evidence that Ethiopians used this delicious berry to make wine. Coffee was also found to be used in the Arabian Peninsula for food as well. It wasn’t until later that Arabs started drinking these little energy bullets.
The earliest form of coffee being used as a beverage came well before 1000 A.D. The method was to soak coffee hulls in the cold water. After some softening, the hulls were fire roasted and then boiled in water. The result was a pale yellow liquid that could be used ingested as a stimulant.
By the 1000’s, coffee making remained pretty much the same, involving soaking the coffee beans and hulls.
During the 13th century, researchers were looking for better ways to store coffee. One thing they experimented with sun drying the beans. Their hope was to make beans smaller and longer lasting.
After the beans were dried, they would roast them over a fire, and then smash them up and put the grounds in hot water. And that basic process is the foundation for the way modern coffee is produced. Now, coffee beans are second only to oil regarding traded commodities and are one of the most popular drinks in the world. It has a long history of energizing people, and thankfully we don’t have to eat slimy coffee bean pellets anymore.
Discover the History of the Coffee Maker
Coffee has been part of anyone’s lifestyle. In cafeterias, offices, homes, or just about anywhere, it has evidently been present either as a plain beverage to awaken you or as a more useful substance in the field of medicine. Since it’s is one of the most commonly aromatic substance, doctors and nurses have used it in hospitals to test the olfaction of an individual.
A cup of coffee used to be extremely laborious to make. First, it was roasted. Then people would grind it until it turns into fine particles. After this, they can now put it under a boiling water to make a delicious coffee drink. During the 19th and 20th century, people have stopped roasting coffee. This is because they learned that whether you roast the coffee beans or not, you would still get the same taste out of it.
When coffee makers were invented, it was so much easier for people to make a cup of coffee. They need not boil water in another container because water is boiled inside the coffee maker itself. Coffee makers consist of two chambers that work through the automatic drip-brew process. One chamber contains the ground coffee and filter, and the other chamber contains the boiling water.
One type of coffee maker that became popular in the 19th century is called a vacuum brewer. It uses the vacuum principle to produce a clear brew. How does it work? Water is heated in the lower vessel until it expands to force the contents through a tube. This tube leads to the upper vessel that contains ground coffee. Once the lower vessel is empty, heat is removed. The vacuum then pulls back the brewed coffee and passes through a strainer in the lower chamber from where it is poured out.
In the mid-19th century, percolators were developed in the United States. In this coffee maker, heat is applied to a boiling pot with removable lid. When water gets to its boiling point, it is forced through a metal tube that leads into a brew basket with ground coffee. The process is repeated until all coffee flavors are extracted.
Thermo-siphon is another principle by which coffee makers are grounded. This specifically works for electric drip coffee makers or violators. From the water reservoir, water goes to the aluminum heating chamber. Thermo-siphon effects in this chamber now push the water to go to a spray head, and then to the coffee grounds. From here, the coffee brew is strained and then finally let out.